List of Machine Safety Standards

ANSI B11 Machine Safety Standards and Technical Reports

The ANSI B11 series of American National Standards and Technical Reports consists of nearly three dozen different documents that deal with machine / machinery / machine tool safety, and they specify requirements for both the manufacturers (suppliers) and users of the machines.

  • ANSI B11.1 – Safety Requirements for Mechanical Power Presses
  • ANSI B11.2 – Safety Requirements for Hydraulic and Pneumatic Power Presses
  • ANSI B11.3 – Safety Requirements for Power Press Brakes
  • ANSI B11.4 – Safety Requirements for Shears
  • ANSI B11.5 – Iron Workers – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
  • ANSI B11.6 – Safety Requirements for Manual Turning Machines
  • ANSI B11.7 – Safety Requirements for Cold Headers and Cold Formers
  • ANSI B11.8 – Safety Requirements for Manual Milling, Drilling, and Boring Machines
  • ANSI B11.9 – Safety Requirements for Grinding Machines
  • ANSI B11.10 – Safety Requirements for Metal Sawing Machines
  • ANSI B11.11 – Safety Requirements for Gear & Spline Cutting Machines
  • ANSI B11.12 – Safety Requirements for Roll Forming and Roll Bending Machines
  • ANSI B11.13 – Safety Requirements for Single or Multiple Spindle Automatic Bar and Chucking Machines
  • ANSI B11.15 – Safety Requirements for Pipe, Tube and Shape Bending Machines
  • ANSI B11.16 – Safety Requirements for Metal Powder Compacting Presses
  • ANSI B11.17 – Safety Requirements for Horizontal Hydraulic Extrusion Presses
  • ANSI B11.18 – Safety Requirements for Machines Processing or Slitting Coiled or Non-Coiled Metal
    • (this standard includes the requirements from the 1996 B11.14, which has been withdrawn)
  • ANSI B11.19 – Safeguarding Design, Construction, Installation, Operation, Maintenance
  • ANSI B11.20 – Safety Requirements for Integrated Manufacturing Systems
  • ANSI B11.21 – Safety Requirements for Machine Tools Using a Laser for Processing Materials
  • ANSI B11.22 – Safety Requirements for Numerically Controlled Turning Machines
  • ANSI B11.23 – Safety Requirements for Machining Centers
  • ANSI B11.24 – Safety Requirements for Transfer Machines
  • ANSI B11.25 – Safety Requirements for Large Machines
  • ANSI B11.TR1 – Ergonomic Guidelines for the Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools
  • ANSI B11.TR2 – Mist Control Considerations for the Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools Using Metalworking Fluids
  • ANSI B11.TR4- Selection of Programmable Electronic Systems (PES/PLC) for Machine Tools
  • ANSI B11.TR5 – Sound Level Measurement Guidelines: A Guide for Measuring, Evaluating and Documenting Sound Levels Emitted by Machinery
  • ANSI B11.TR7 – Designing for Safety and Lean Manufacturing — A guide on integrating safety and lean manufacturing principles in the use of machinery
  • ANSI B11.TR9 – Guidance to Machinery Manufacturers for Consideration of Related IT-Security (Cyber Security) Aspects

ANSI / NFPA / RIA / ASME / MIL Safety Standards

Additional machine safety standards are published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), the Robotic Industries Association (RIA), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the United States Military Standard (MIL).

 

  • ANSI-ISO 12100 (ISO 12100 IDT) – Safety of Machinery — General principles for design, risk assessment and risk reduction
  • ANSI Z590.3 – Prevention through Design – Guidelines for Addressing Occupational Hazards and Risks in Design and Redesign Processes
  • ANSI / RIA R15.06 – Safety Requirements for Industrial Robots and Robot Systems
  • ANSI / PMMI B155.1 – Safety Requirements for Packaging and Processing Machinery
  • ANSI /ASSP A1264.1 – Safety Requirements for Industrial Fixed Stairs, Floor and Wall Openings, and Industrial Railings and Toe Boards
  • ANSI / ASSP A1264.2 – Standard for the Provision of Slip Resistance on Walking/Working Surfaces
  • ANSI A14.3 – American National Standard for Safety Requirements for Fixed Ladders
  • ANSI / ASME B20.1 – Safety Standards for Conveyors and Related Equipment
  • ANSI Z136.1 – Standard for Safe Use of Lasers
  • ANSI Z136.9 – American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers in Manufacturing Environments
  • ANSI / ASSP Z490.1 – Criteria for Accepted Practices in Safety, Health and Environment Training ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
  • ANSI / NFPA 70 – National Electrical Code
  • ANSI / NFPA 79 – Electrical Standard for Industrial Machinery
  • NFPA / T2.6.1 R2 – Fluid power components – method for verifying the fatigue and establishing the burst pressure ratings of the pressure containing envelope of a metal fluid power component
  • MIL STD 882E – Systems Safety Program Requirements

Applicable OSHA Machine Safety Standards

The following Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Laws & Regulations are most commonly applied to industrial machinery.

  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910 – General Industry Regulations
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.211 – Definitions
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.212 – General requirements for guarding all machines
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.213 – Woodworking machinery requirements
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.215 – Abrasive wheel machinery
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.217 – Mechanical power presses
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.218 – Forging Machines
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.219 – Mechanical power-transmission apparatus
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.333 – Electrical Safety
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.300 – General requirements
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.301 – Hand tools
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.302 – Power-operated hand tools
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.303 – Abrasive wheels and tools
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.304 – Woodworking tools
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.307 – Mechanical power-transmission apparatus
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.555 – Conveyors
  • OSHA 1910 Subpart D – Walking – Working Surfaces
  • OSHA 1910 Subpart O – Machinery and Machine Guarding
  • OSHA 1910 Subpart P – Hand and Portable Tools
  • OSHA 1910 Subpart S – Electrical
  • OSHA 1910.6 – Incorporation by Reference – Includes all ANSI, NFPA standards
  • OSHA 1910.24 – Fixed Industrial Stairs
  • OSHA 1910.27 – Fixed Ladders
  • OSHA 1910.147 – Control of Hazardous Energy Lockout / Tagout

IEC / ISO International Safety Standards

  • IEC 60204-1 – Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements
  • IEC 60825-1 – Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and user’s guide
  • IEC 61000-6-4 – Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6-4: Generic standards – Emission standard for industrial environments
  • IEC 61496-1 – Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General requirements and test
  • IEC 61496-2 – Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 2: Particular requirements for equipment using active opto-electric protective devices (AOPDS)
  • IEC 65108-1 – Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems – Part 1: General requirements
  • IEC 65108-3 – Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems – Part 3: Software requirements
  • IEC 62061 – Safety of Machinery – Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic, programmable electronic control systems

 

  • ISO 3864 – Graphical Symbols Series (includes ISO 3864-1, ISO 3864-2, ISO 3864-3 and ISO 3864-4)
  • ISO 13732-1 – Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces
  • ISO 13732-3 – Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces – Part 3: Cold surfaces
  • ISO 13849-1 – Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design
  • ISO TR 13849-100 – Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 100: Guidelines for the use and application of ISO 13849
  • ISO 13849-2 – Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 2: Validation
  • ISO 13850 – Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design
  • ISO 13857 – Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
  • ISO TR 14121-2 – Safety of machinery — Risk assessment, Part 2: Practical guidance and examples
  • ISO 14159 – Safety of machinery — Hygiene requirements for the design of machinery
  • ISO 20607 – Safety of machinery – Instruction handbook – General drafting principles
  • ISO 21469 – Safety of machinery – Lubricants with incidental product contact — Hygiene requirements
  • ISO 13855 – Safety of machinery — Positioning of protective equipment with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body
  • ISO 13856-1 – Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 1: General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors
  • ISO 14118 – Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up
  • ISO 14119 – Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for design and selection
  • ISO 14120 – Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards